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    Government Action & Communication Institute

    Government Action and Communication Institute (GACI) is a non-partisan 501(c)(3) public policy, education, and research organization specializing in health care, social services, and education issues.

    GACI’s mission is to bring the most relevant information - research, best practices, and model programs - to policy leaders and decision makers at the federal, state, and local levels. We use events to provide opportunities for government, academia, and business leaders to talk and work together.

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    • encyclopedia home • diseases a-z images cystoscopy female urinary t... Male urinary tra... Read more • tumor • invasive • urinary tract infection - a... • anemia • unilateral hydronephrosis... • stress incontinence • urethral stricture more features • printer-friendly version bladder cancer definition bladder cancer is a cancerous tumor in the bladder. The bladder is the organ in the center of the lower abdomen that holds urine. Alternative names transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder; urothelial cancer causes in the united states, bladder cancers usually start from the cells lining the bladder (transitional cells). These tumors are classified based on the way they grow: papillary tumors have a wart-like appearance and are attached to a stalk. Nonpapillary (sessile) tumors are much less common. However, they are more invasive and have a worse outcome. As with most other cancers, the exact cause of bladder cancer is uncertain. However, several factors may contribute to its development: cigarette smoking. Smoking increases the risk of developing bladder cancer nearly fivefold. As many as 50% of all bladder cancers in men and 30% in women may be caused by cigarette smoke. People who quit smoking have a gradual decline in risk. Chemical exposure at work. About one in four cases of bladder cancer is caused by exposure to cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens) on the job. Dye workers, rubber workers, aluminum workers, leather workers, truck drivers, and pesticide applicators are at the highest risk. Arylamines are the chemicals most responsible. However, arylamines have been reduced or eliminated in many workplaces. Radiation and chemotherapy. cheap generic viagra viagra for sale cheap viagra buy generic viagra buy viagra online generic viagra online cheap viagra online buy viagra order viagra cheap viagra without a doctor prescription Women who received radiation therapy for the treatment of cervical cancer have an increased risk of developing transitional cell bladder cancer. Some people who have received the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide (cytoxan) are also at increased risk. Bladder infection. A long-term (chronic) bladder infection or irritation may lead to the development of squamous cell bladder cancer. Bladder infections do not increase the risk of transitional cell cancers. Parasite infection. Infection with the schistosomiasis parasite has been linked to the development of bladder cancer. The association between artificial sweeteners and bladder cancer has been studied and is weak or nonexistent. Bladder cancers are classified, or staged, based on their aggressiveness and how much they differ from the surrounding bladder tissue. There are several different ways to stage tumors. Recently, the tnm (tumor, nodes, metastasis) staging system has become common. This staging system categorizes tumors using the following scale: stage 0 -- noninvasive tumors that are only in the bladder lining stage i -- tumor goes through the bladde.
    Policy Insights 2015 California Budget Project Conference
    Wednesday, March 4, 2015
    8:30am – 4:30pm, Reception following Sacramento Convention Center, 3rd Floor

    The SCAN Foundation 4th LTSS Summit
    Tuesday, September 30, 2014
    9:00am – 4:00pm – Reception following Sacramento Convention Center
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